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The real study of The Acts

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The real study of The Acts

Postby togia on Mon Dec 08, 2008 10:04 pm

Alright guys, I made promise to do an outline and study of The Acts so here it is.

The Introduction to the Acts:
The Acts of the Apostles is the second part of Luke's history. It was written so we would have the true story of how the Christian Church began and grew.
The book especially tells about the work of two of the apostles-Peter and Paul. Peteris the central person invovled in beginning the church in Jerusalem and Paul is the important missionary who went out to nearby countries to tell others about Christ. Acts can also be called "The Acts of the Holy Spirit" because it teaches about the coming and work of the Spirit.
The book of Acts teaches three things about the early church.
1 what the message of the early church was; 2 how the Jew's rejected this message and how God sent the apostles to the Gentiles, who accepted the Gospel and; 3 how the early church was treate by the local and Roman Government.


Outline of Contents in Acts:
Christ's Parting instructions (1:1-11)
The Church in Jerusalem (1:12-8:1)
Expansion in Palestine (8:2-12:25)
Paul's first missionary journey (13:1-14:28)
The council at Jerusalem (15:1-35)
Paul's second missionary journey (15:36-18:22)
Paul's third missionary journey (18:23-19:41)
Paul in Jerusalem and Caesarea (20:1-26:32)
Paul's mission to Rome (27:1-28:31)

We are going to follow this outline to help a little bit of yours and my understanding and flow of Acts. This way we won't get lost as easy. And when called for I am going to try and put as many helpful pictures into this so we can get a visual of it. As for example, the old temple both the garden of the Gentiles and the city of Jerusalem as a whole. I am going to try and get seperate maps of Paul's missionary journeys but if I can't we can deal with it.

Now let's get started:

Christ's parting instructions (1:1-11)
In the beginning of the book, Luke prescribes this book to the one and only Theophilus. Now if we look at his other book, (Luke), he does the same thing, he writes this letter to Theophilus. Now reason being in widely understood to be because of the fact that Theophilus was a Roman official wanting to know a little more about the life and works of this so called Jesus. And how convinient it is to see that this man Theophilus was intrigued to know what Jesus and his disciples were doing that Luke would write an account down on the history of the church. Now as we move on, we see something of a command and a promise that Jesus has made within and after the actual ascension. He promise the precious gift of the one and only Holy Spirit. Let's read from the beginning shall we:

Acts 1:1-8(NIV):
Jesus Taken up into heaven:
1In my former book, Theophilus, I wrote about all that Jesus began to do and to teach 2until the day he was taken up to heaven, after giving instructions through the Holy Spirit to the apostles he had chosen. 3After his suffering, he showed himself to these men and gave many convincing proofs that he was alive. He appeared to them over a period of forty days and spoke about the kingdom of God. 4On one occasion, while he was eating with them, he gave them this command: "Do not leave Jerusalem, but wait for the gift my Father promised, which you have heard me speak about. 5For John baptized with[a] water, but in a few days you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit."
6So when they met together, they asked him, "Lord, are you at this time going to restore the kingdom to Israel?"

7He said to them: "It is not for you to know the times or dates the Father has set by his own authority. 8But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth."

Now this is going to be where I stop for some discussion. Now, before we get into the other verses. Why did Jesus tell them to stay in Jerusalem and what was the gift for them having Jesus leave?
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Re: The real study of The Acts

Postby eliam on Tue Dec 09, 2008 7:31 pm

He told them to stay in Jerusalem to wait for the Holy Spirit.
God had a plan that he was going to always be with his disciples, that he was never going to turn his back on them. And for Him to stay with them and for them to have the Holy Spirit Jesus had to leave. They couldn't have Jesus and the Holy Spirit. Jesus had already done his job now it was the Holy Spirit's turn to have a place in the beautiful story of redemption.

The gift was two fold. The gift of the Holy Spirit and the gift of tongues
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Re: The real study of The Acts

Postby david on Wed Dec 10, 2008 5:22 pm

I like what you had to say eliam.
Yes they were told to stay in jerusalem to wait on the Holy Spirit and to wait on the gift of tongues
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Re: The real study of The Acts

Postby togia on Wed Dec 17, 2008 6:52 pm

Amazing answer guys, you are both right. Now, I am quite depressed that neither of you noticed or made note of the question that they (the apostles) asked our Savior before he ascended into heaven. They asked-
"Lord, are you now going to give Israel its own king again
?"- It was still was part of the apostles that there was going to be an earthly kingdom. They wanted to have an earthly kingdom, they wanted Christ in His glory now. But that was the exact opposite of God's plan. He was and is in the process of creating a heavenly kingdom. He was teaching the apostles these things in the Gospels to tell them that it was only in heaven that there will be the most perfect and beautiful kingdom of God. I am quite shocked that neither of you noticed that.

Let's go on to the next sections of chapter 1 vs 9-26

Let's go ahead and read the rest of the chapter:

9After he said this, he was taken up before their very eyes, and a cloud hid him from their sight.

10They were looking intently up into the sky as he was going, when suddenly two men dressed in white stood beside them. 11"Men of Galilee," they said, "why do you stand here looking into the sky? This same Jesus, who has been taken from you into heaven, will come back in the same way you have seen him go into heaven."

Matthias Chosen to Replace Judas
12Then they returned to Jerusalem from the hill called the Mount of Olives, a Sabbath day's walk from the city. 13When they arrived, they went upstairs to the room where they were staying. Those present were Peter, John, James and Andrew; Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew; James son of Alphaeus and Simon the Zealot, and Judas son of James. 14They all joined together constantly in prayer, along with the women and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brothers.
15In those days Peter stood up among the believers (a group numbering about a hundred and twenty) 16and said, "Brothers, the Scripture had to be fulfilled which the Holy Spirit spoke long ago through the mouth of David concerning Judas, who served as guide for those who arrested Jesus— 17he was one of our number and shared in this ministry."

18(With the reward he got for his wickedness, Judas bought a field; there he fell headlong, his body burst open and all his intestines spilled out. 19Everyone in Jerusalem heard about this, so they called that field in their language Akeldama, that is, Field of Blood.)

20"For," said Peter, "it is written in the book of Psalms,
" 'May his place be deserted;
let there be no one to dwell in it,' and,
" 'May another take his place of leadership.' 21Therefore it is necessary to choose one of the men who have been with us the whole time the Lord Jesus went in and out among us, 22beginning from John's baptism to the time when Jesus was taken up from us. For one of these must become a witness with us of his resurrection."

23So they proposed two men: Joseph called Barsabbas (also known as Justus) and Matthias. 24Then they prayed, "Lord, you know everyone's heart. Show us which of these two you have chosen 25to take over this apostolic ministry, which Judas left to go where he belongs." 26Then they cast lots, and the lot fell to Matthias; so he was added to the eleven apostles.

Image



--Now my first question, can anyone tell me the distance for one Sabbath days walk? Because I am curious as to why this was mentioned. Maybe it was just a very short distance because of the fact that it was unlawful to do basically anything on the Sabbath. But you notice that they went back to a gathering place to find a replacement for Judas. And they dwelled in prayer and cast lots. This is where my second question leads into, what was casting lots.

So answer these two questions:

What was a Sabbath day's walk
What was casting lots
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The more complete version of the Acts

Postby togia on Wed Jan 14, 2009 12:26 pm

Theme:
The Book of Acts has been called The Acts of the Apostles. This title was not given by the author Luke and is less than appropriate, for the book speaks of only a few of the apostles and their ministries--Peter, John, James (only in that Herod killed him) and Paul. None of the other apostles are mentioned. The Book of Acts is clearly not about the acts of the apostles, for if it were, it has the wrong ending. It ends without revealing how Paul’s trial before Caesar’s tribunal turned out, a certain necessity if the theme of the book was about the apostles, their ministries, and what happened to them.
The Book of Acts is more properly a continuation of the Gospel of Luke and could be considered volume 2 of that gospel. Compare the opening verses of Luke’s gospel to the opening verses of the Book of Acts.
Luke 1:1 Inasmuch as many have undertaken to draw up a narrative of the things that have been fulfilled among us,
Luke 1:2 just as those who were eyewitnesses from the beginning and servants of the word handed them down to us,
Luke 1:3 it also seemed best to me after having investigated everything carefully from the beginning to write it in order for you, most excellent Theophilus,
Luke 1:4 in order that you may know exactly the certainty of the matters that you have been taught.
Acts 1:1 The earlier written narrative I made, O Theophilus, was of all that Jesus began both to do and to teach
Acts 1:2 until that day he was taken up after giving orders by the Holy Spirit to the apostles, whom he had chosen.
In comparing the opening verses of the Gospel of Luke to the opening verses of the Book of Acts, note that Luke wrote the Book of Acts originally for the same man, a Greek named Theophilus, for whom he had also written his gospel. Note also that Luke referred to his gospel as his earlier narrative. The Book of Acts, then, is his second book. Thus we might consider Luke’s gospel Volume 1 and his Book of Acts Volume 2. The Book of Acts picks up where the Gospel of Luke left off with the account of Jesus and continues the account of Jesus from that point. Note, too, that Luke wrote in Acts 1:1 that in his gospel he had written about all that Jesus “began” to do and to teach. The word “began” implies that there is still more to be reported about what Jesus was then continuing to do and to teach.
The theme of Luke’s gospel is that Jesus is the universal Savior. The Book of Acts continues this theme. It has been said that as the gospels present Jesus going about preaching the gospel and calling people to repent, so the Book of Acts presents Jesus continuing his preaching ministry through his witnesses whom he sent out into the world. The Book of Acts reports how the gospel of Jesus through his witnesses was spread in ever widening circles to Jews and Gentiles alike. Thus the theme of the Book of Acts can well be stated as: The Word of Jesus progressed from Jerusalem to Rome and the New Israel, the Christian church, grew.
The Book of Acts could also be considered a documentation on the work of the Holy Spirit to gather the New Israel, the Christian church, through the spreading of the gospel of Jesus. See below how many verses of Acts speak of the Holy Spirit and his activities.
Acts 1:2 giving orders by the Holy Spirit to the apostles
Acts 1:5 you indeed will be baptized with the Holy Spirit
Acts 1:8 you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes upon you
Acts 1:16 the Scripture had to be fulfilled, which the Holy Spirit foretold
Acts 2:4 they all were filled with the Holy Spirit, and began to speak
Acts 2:4 in other tongues as the Spirit was enabling them to speak
Acts 2:17 I WILL POUR OUT FROM MY SPIRIT UPON ALL FLESH
Acts 2:18 IN THOSE DAYS I WILL POUR OUT FROM MY SPIRIT
Acts 2:33 having received from the Father the promised Holy Spirit
Acts 2:38 you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit
Acts 4:8 Peter, having been filled with the Holy Spirit
Acts 4:25 said by the Holy Spirit from the mouth of your servant David
Acts 4:31 they all were filled with the Holy Spirit
Acts 5:3 why has Satan filled your heart that you lied to the Holy Spirit
Acts 5:9 Why was it agreed with you to tempt the Spirit of the Lord?
Acts 5:32 the Holy Spirit whom God has given to those who obey him.
Acts 6:3 filled with the Spirit and wisdom
Acts 6:5 Stephen, a man full of faith and the Holy Spirit
Acts 6:10 they were unable to stand up to the wisdom and the Spirit
Acts 7:51 you always indeed resist the Holy Spirit!
Acts 7:55 But being filled with the Holy Spirit
Acts 8:15 prayed for them that they might receive the Holy Spirit
Acts 8:17 they were receiving the Holy Spirit.
Acts 8:18 the Spirit was given through the laying on of the apostles’ hands,
Acts 8:19 the one on whom I lay my hands may receive the Holy Spirit.
Acts 8:29 And the Spirit said to Philip, “Go and join this chariot.”
Acts 8:39 the Spirit of the Lord snatched Philip away
Acts 9:17 you should regain your sight and be filled with the Holy Spirit.
Acts 9:31 proceeding in the fear of the Lord and in the comfort of the Holy Spirit,
Acts 10:19 the Spirit said to him, “Behold, three men are looking for you.”
Acts 10:38 God anointed him with the Holy Spirit and power,
Acts 10:44 the Holy Spirit fell upon all who were hearing the message.
Acts 10:45 the gift of the Holy Spirit had also been poured out upon the Gentiles.
Acts 10:47 who have received the Holy Spirit just as we did
Acts 11:12 the Spirit told me to go with them without hesitating
Acts 11:15 when I began to speak the Holy Spirit fell upon them
Acts 11:16 you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit.
Acts 11:24 he was a good man and full of the Holy Spirit and faith.
Acts 11:28 he foretold by the Spirit that a great famine would take place
Acts 13:2 the Holy Spirit said, “Now then set aside for me Barnabas and Saul
Acts 13:4 these two having been sent by the Holy Spirit went down to Seleucia,
Acts 13:9 Saul, the one also called Paul, being filled with the Holy Spirit
Acts 13:52 the disciples were continually filled with joy and the Holy Spirit.
Acts 15:8 bore witness to them by giving them the Holy Spirit
Acts 15:28 For it seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us
Acts 16:6 they were forbidden by the Holy Spirit
Acts 16:7 the Spirit of Jesus did not permit them to do so.
Acts 19:2 “Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you believed?”
Acts 19:2 ”But we have not even heard there is a Holy Spirit.”
Acts 19:6 the Holy Spirit came upon them,
Acts 20:22 having been bound by the Spirit I am going to Jerusalem,
Acts 20:23 the Holy Spirit is testifying to me in every city,
Acts 20:28 over which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers,
Acts 21:4 They kept telling Paul by the Spirit not to go up to Jerusalem.
Acts 21:11 The Holy Spirit says this:
Acts 28:25 Well did the Holy Spirit speak through Isaiah the prophet to your fathers
Structure:
The book is structured around 2 key figures or apostles. Acts 1 to Acts 12:24 key on the person and ministry of the apostle Peter. Acts 12:25 to Acts 28:31 key on the person and ministry of the apostle Paul. These 2 figures divide the book.
Luke indicated the structure of the Book of Acts at six points, all of which proclaim the word or the church grew. See below Acts 6:7; 9:31; 12:24; 16:5; 19:20; 28:31. Thus, as stated above, the theme and purpose of the book could be stated as tracing the progress of the Word of Jesus and the growth of the church from Jerusalem to Rome.
Acts 6:7: And the word of God kept growing, and the number of the disciples in Jerusalem continued to multiply very much, and a large number of the priests began to obey the faith. (This notes the preaching and the growth of the church in Jerusalem.)
Acts 9:31 Therefore the church throughout Judea and Galilee and Samaria was having peace, was being built up and proceeding in the fear of the Lord and in the comfort of the Holy Spirit, and was being multiplied in numbers. (This notes the preaching and the growth of the church throughout Judea and Samaria.)
Acts 12:24 But the word of God kept growing and was being multiplyied.
Acts 16:5 Therefore the churches were being strengthened in the faith and were increasing in number every day.
Acts 19:20 In this manner the word of the Lord kept growing mightily and was wielding power.
Acts 28:31 preaching the kingdom of God and teaching the things concerning the Lord Jesus Christ with all openness, without hindrance. (These last verses note that the preaching of the word had by Paul reached the ends of the earth, to Rome, the capital of the Gentile world in Europe.)
The structure of the Book of Acts is organized around Jesus’ commission and mission strategy stated in Acts 1:8:
“You will be my witnesses both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and even as far as the end of the earth.”
Accordingly the book is structured as follows:
Part 1: Jesus’ witnesses spread his gospel in Jerusalem, the capital of the Jews, Acts 1:1-6:7.
Part 2: Jesus’ witnesses spread his gospel throughout Judea and Samaria, Acts 6:8-12:24.
Part 3: Jesus’ witnesses carry his gospel to the ends of the earth, to Rome, the capital of the Gentiles, Acts 12:25-28-31.
Outline of the Book of Acts:
(This outline is based on the above three part structure and on Luke’s six divisional verses shown above.)
Part 1: Jesus’ witnesses spread his gospel in Jerusalem, Acts 1:1-6:7
Acts 1:1-11: Jesus commissions his apostles to be his witnesses. He conveys to them his mission strategy in verse 8. He then ascends into heaven.
Acts 1:12-26: After Jesus’ ascension the disciples gather in Jerusalem, at which time Peter as the leading spokesman urges them to elect an apostle to succeed Judas. The number is about 120 disciples.
Acts 2:1-42: On Pentecost, in fulfillment of Jesus’ promise that his disciples would receive the power of the Holy Spirit, the Holy Spirit is miraculously poured out on them. They then speak of the wonderful works of God in the foreign languages of the multitude of Jews who had gathered. Peter preaches a powerful sermon to the multitude of the Jews, which concludes by urging them to repent and to be baptized in the name of Jesus. What the Holy Spirit did on Pentecost is the opposite of what the Lord did at Babel in Genesis 11. At Babel the Lord confused the language of the people who were set on glorifying themselves, not God. On Pentecost the Holy Spirit enables the disciples to speak in many foreign languages to proclaim the glory of God. As a result the church grows and 3.000 souls are added to the New Israel, the Christian church. Pentecost marks the birth of the New Testament Church.
Note: Acts 2:42 states: “And they were continuing to busily engage themselves in the teaching of the apostles and in fellowship, in the breaking of bread and in prayers.” Note on what the model Christian church concentrated its attention. Taking what is stated in this verse in the context of the preaching of Jesus’ gospel in Jerusalem, you will note that the model church concentrated on what has been called the formal goals of the church: fellowship, nurture, and service. The church did not concentrate on what many churches concentrate on today--the maintenance and survival goals: membership, numbers, buildings, and budgets.
Acts 2:43-4:4: Peter with John preach the Word of the Lord in Jerusalem and are opposed by the ruling council of the Jews. But many more Jews who hear Peter’s preaching are added to the church and the church grows to about 5,000 souls.
Acts 4:5-5:16: Peter and John are tried by the ruling council of the Jews and afterwards the apostles pray for power to preach the Word boldly. In answer to their prayer the Holy Spirit fills them and they speak the Word boldly. After the incident involving Ananias and his wife, the apostles perform miracles and teach in the temple. Multitudes of men and women are added to the church.
Acts 5:17-6:7: The apostles are arrested by the ruling council of the Jews but are released by an angel to speak in the temple. They are again taken into custody for trial and are released after being flogged. Each day afterwards they continue teaching in the temple and from house to house. To assist the apostles in their ministry the church elects its first deacons, or church leaders, to wait on the tables.
Acts 6:7 ends Part 1 by stating: “And the word of God kept growing, and the number of the disciples in Jerusalem continued to multiply very much, and a large number of the priests began to obey the faith.”
Part 2: Jesus’ witnesses spread his gospel throughout Judea and Samaria, Acts 6:8-12:24.
Part 2.A: Jesus’ witnesses spread his gospel in Judea and Samaria, Acts 6:8-9:31
Acts 6:8-7:60: The persecution, trial, and murder of Stephen set the stage for an all out persecution of the church in Jerusalem by the ruling council of the Jews.
Acts 8:1-4: The persecution scatters Jesus’ disciples and spreads the church into Judea and Samaria, where they preach the Word. The Lord uses the persecution for the good purpose of spreading his church and the preaching of his Word. The fact that the Jewish disciples go into Samaria and preach the Word to the Samaritans is a significant act. It shows the Jewish disciples have overcome their hatred of the Samaritans and that the Word will not be bound by such hatreds and prejudices.
Acts 8:5-40: The ministry of Philip in Samaria, where the Samaritans rejoice in the gospel in their city (8:8). They believe and are baptized (8:12). The gospel is preached to many Samaritan villages. Philip shares the gospel with the Ethiopian eunuch, a Gentile proselyte to the Jewish faith, who is baptized. Philip takes the gospel as far as Caesarea in northern Samaria.
Acts 9:1-31: The conversion of Saul (Paul) who preaches the word of Jesus to the Jews in Damascus, Syria.
Acts 9:31 ends Part 2.A by stating: “Therefore the church throughout Judea and Galilee and Samaria was having peace, was being built up and proceeding in the fear of the Lord and in the comfort of the Holy Spirit, and was being multiplied in numbers.”
Part 2.B: Jesus’ witness Peter spreads his gospel in Judea and Samaria, Acts 9:32-12:24
Acts 9:32-35: Peter’s ministry in Lydda and Sharon of Judea/Samaria where their residents believe and turn to the Lord.
Acts 9:36-43: Peter’s ministry in Joppa of Judea/Samaria where many believe in the Lord.
Acts 10:1-48: Peter’s ministry to the Gentiles of Cornelius’ household in Caesarea of Samaria, who receive the baptism of the Spirit like the disciples did on Pentecost. The Spirit plainly shows that in the church of Jesus there is no difference between Jew and Gentile.
Acts 11:1-18: Peter defends his ministering to the Gentiles, which he did by the Spirit’s direction.
Acts 11:19: The disciples who were persecuted in Jerusalem at the time Stephen was killed also scattered to Phoenicia, the island of Cyprus, and to Antioch in Syria. They bring the Word to the Jews in those places.
Acts 11:20-30: Some disciples from Cyprus and Cyrene preach the gospel of Jesus to the Gentiles in Antioch, Syria. A large number there believe in Jesus. The church of Antioch is established of both Jews and Gentiles.
Acts 12:1-24: Herod kills John’s brother James and persecutes Peter.
Acts 12:24 ends Part 2 by stating: “But the word of God kept growing and was being multiplied.”
Part 3: Jesus’ witnesses carry his gospel to the ends of the earth, to Rome, the capital of the Gentiles, Acts 12:25-28-31.
Part 3.A: Jesus’ witness Paul makes his first missionary journey to Cyprus, Pamphylia, and Galatia, Acts 12:25-16:5. (The Word of the Lord spreads and Jewish and Gentile disciples are united into one free church. Confer Jesus’ prayer for his church of believers in John 17:20-23).
Acts 12:25-13:3: Paul and Barnabas are commissioned at Antioch, Syria, by the Spirit to be missionaries to the Gentiles.
Note: The church of Antioch, which was not a huge congregation with unlimited resources, becomes the headquarters for foreign mission work to the Gentiles. The church is motivated by conviction and commitment to be such a mission oriented congregation.
Acts 13:4-12: Paul’s ministry on Cyprus starts at Salamis, where he brings the Word to the Jews, and ends in Paphos, where the Gentile proconsul Sergius Paulus hears the Word and believes.
Acts 13:13: Paul’s ministry in Pamphylia
Acts 13:14-50: Paul’s ministry at Pisidian Antioch in Galatia, where he brings the Word of the Lord to the Jews and then to the Gentiles. Verses 48,49 state that many Gentiles believe and the Word is spread throughout the whole region. Unbelieving Jews there instigate a persecution and drive out Paul and Barnabas.
Acts 13:51-14:6: Paul brings the Word to Jews and Gentiles in Iconium, Galatia, where a great multitude of Jews and Gentiles believe. But again unbelieving Jews arouse the Gentiles, incite a persecution, and drive out Paul and Barnabas.
Acts 14:6-19: Paul’s ministry in the cities of Lystra and Derbe of Lycaonia and that surrounding area of Galatia, where he preaches the gospel. Unbelieving Jews from Pisidian Antioch and Iconium track Paul down in Lystra, stir up the crowds of Lystra, and stone him. They leave him for dead.
Acts 14:20-28: Paul retraces his steps from Derbe back through Lystra, Iconium, Pisidian Antioch, strengthening the converts and having elders and pastors elected in the local churches. Then he proceeds back through Pamphylia and returns to Antioch, Syria, which is where he had begun his first missionary journey.
Acts 15:1-31: The First Ecumenical Council of the Church is held at Jerusalem to settle the Judaistic Controversy. Jewish converts called Judaizers contend that the Law of Moses, especially circumcision, must be followed by Gentile believers for them to be saved. The council agrees that all are saved by the grace of Jesus alone without observing the law of Moses. Jewish disciples extend a greeting and welcome to the Gentile disciples by means of a letter, which brings joy and unity in the gospel to the church. The freedom of the gospel that we are saved by grace alone through faith alone in Jesus is preserved.
Acts 16:5 ends Part 3.A, Paul’s first missionary journey, and notes what takes place at the outset of his second missionary journey in Part 3.B by stating: “Therefore the churches were being strengthened in the faith and were increasing in number every day.”
Part 3.B: Jesus’ witness Paul makes his second missionary journey to Macedonia and Achaia in Greece, Acts 15:35-18:22.
Acts 15:35-16:5: Paul and Barnabas preach and teach in Antioch, Syria, the mother church, until they part company to strengthen the churches. Barnabas takes John Mark with him to Cyprus. Paul takes Silas to the churches in Syria, Cilicia, and then to Derbe and Lystra in Galatia.
Acts 16:6-10: The Spirit prevents Paul speaking the Word in Asia and Bithynia, but leads him to Troas where the Spirit directs Paul by means of a vision to proceed to Macedonia, the northern province of Greece.
Acts 16:11-40: Paul’s ministry in Philippi of Macedonia in northern Greece, where he with Silas brought the Word to the Jewish women, including Lydia’s household, and to the Gentile jailer’s household. There the church of Philippi is established and the Word of the Lord takes a foothold on the continent of Europe.
Acts 17:1-9: Paul’s ministry in Thessalonica of Macedonia, where he first brings the Word to the Jews. Some Jews believe, as do a number of Greek proselytes (converts) to the Jewish faith. The unbelieving Jews there form a mob and persecute the newly formed congregation of disciples who met at Jason’s house.
Acts 17:10-13: Paul’s ministry in Berea of Macedonia, where the Jews believe the Word as well as a number of leading Greek citizens, both men and women. The unbelieving Jews from Thessalonica come to Berea and stir up a persecution of Paul and the church in Berea.
Acts 17:14-34: Paul’s ministry in Athens of Achaia, the southern province of Greece, where he preaches to the leading citizens and philosophers of the Areopagus, among whom some believe.
Acts 18:1-17: Paul’s ministry in Corinth of Achaia, where he works with Aquila and Priscilla, a husband and wife, as a tentmaker and teaches the Word on the Sabbath to the Jews and Greek proselytes. Then he begins a full time ministry of preaching to the Jews. When the unbelieving Jews resist the Word, Paul starts a church in the house of Titius Justus, which is next door to the Jewish synagogue. Many Jews and Gentile Corinthians believe. Paul teaches there for more than 1 and 1/2 years.
Acts 18:18-22: Paul leaves Corinth, travels by sea to Ephesus in Asia where he makes a brief visit and speaks the Word to the Jews. He promises to return if it should be God’s will for him to do so. He then returns to Antioch, Syria, which completes his second missionary journey.
Part 3.C: Jesus’ witness Paul makes his third missionary journey, Acts 18:23-21:14.
Acts 18:23-28: Paul revisits the churches in Galatia while Apollos is preaching in Ephesus.
Acts 19:1-19: Paul’s ministry in Ephesus. He instructs about 12 disciples of John the Baptist, whom he baptizes with the Trinitarian baptism in Jesus’ name and on whom the Holy Spirit comes mightily. Paul stays in Ephesus teaching the Word, first to the Jews until some harden their hearts, and then to the Gentiles. Many believe.
Acts 19:20 wraps up the significance of Paul’s second and third missionary journeys by stating: “In this way the word of the Lord spread widely and grew in power.”
Acts 19:21-41: Paul is intent on returning to Jerusalem. Paul and the disciples in Ephesus have their lives threatened when the silversmiths there riot because of the success of Paul’s preaching in Ephesus.
Acts 20:1-6: Paul spends 3 months revisiting the churches in Macedonia, Greece, and then sails to Troas in Asia, where he spends the day teaching the Word.
Acts 20:7-38: Paul travels enroute to Jerusalem to Miletus in Asia, where he speaks to the elders and pastors from the area of Ephesus and bids them farewell.
Acts 21:1-14: Paul sails from Miletus, past Cyprus, to Tyre in Syria, and arrives in Caesarea of Samaria, which brings his third missionary journey to its end. Along the route Paul is warned not to set foot in Jerusalem.
Part 3.D: Jesus’ witness Paul takes his gospel to Rome, the Gentile capital of the world, Acts 21:15-28:31.
Acts 21:15-26: Paul reports to James, the head of the church in Jerusalem, and to the leaders of that church, about his missionary journeys. Paul is advised to follow the Jewish custom of purifying himself before going to the temple, lest he antagonize the Jews who had heard Paul was teaching that the law of Moses and circumcision did not have to be followed.
Acts 21:27-23:10: Paul is seized in the temple by the Jews, but rescued by Roman soldiers. Paul defends his ministry by speaking to the Jews, but they react violently and Paul is taken into Roman custody.
Acts 23:11-33: The Lord stands beside Paul to encourage him and to tell him that he must witness the Word in Rome. To thwart the Jew’s plot to murder Paul, the Roman commander transfers Paul to governor Felix in Caesarea, Samaria.
Acts 23:34-24:27: Felix gives Paul a hearing before the Jewish religious leaders, who bring charges against Paul. Felix holds Paul in custody as a prisoner for 2 years. Felix is succeeded as governor by Porcius Festus.
Acts 25:1-26:32: Festus holds a hearing of Paul’s case and favors the Jews’ trying Paul in Jerusalem on the charges they bring against him. The Jews are planning to ambush Paul on the way to Jerusalem and to kill him. Paul appeals to have his case tried by Caesar’s tribunal in Rome. Festus agrees to send Paul to Caesar. Later Paul defends himself before Festus and King Herod Agrippa.
Acts 27:1-28:15: Paul is sent under guard with other prisoners to Rome. Enroute his ship sails into a vicious storm and is wrecked off the island of Malta.
Acts 28:16-29: Paul arrives in Rome and is held under house arrest. He has the freedom to have the Jewish leaders in Rome brought to him. Paul speaks the Word to them. Some are persuaded by Paul’s teaching, but others refuse to believe. Paul tells those unbelieving Jewish leaders that they were fulfilling the words of Isaiah with their hardened hearts and dull ears, for which reason salvation is being sent to the Gentiles.
Acts 28:30,31: These verses end Part 3 about taking the gospel to the ends of the earth, and they end the Book of Acts, stating: “And he stayed two complete years in his own rented quarters, and was welcoming all those who were coming to him, preaching the kingdom of God and teaching the things concerning the Lord Jesus Christ with all openness, without hindrance.”
Outstanding Elements Of The Book Of Acts:
1. The persons and ministries of Peter and Paul.
2. Jesus’ ascension, Pentecost which marked the birth of the New Israel and Christian Church, the church’s calling its first deacons or lay leaders to assist with the ministry, the conversion of Saul (Paul), the coming of the Holy Spirit upon the Gentiles of Cornelius’ household, the first Ecumenical Council of the Christian Church.
3. The Word of the Lord spread and the church grew from Jerusalem in the middle east, the Jewish capital, to Rome in Europe, the Gentile capital, which would become the center of the western church.
4. The Word of the Lord spreads and the church grows in the face of opposition from without: persecution by Jews and Gentiles, arrests and imprisonments by the ruling authorities.
5. The Word of the Lord and the church prosper in the face of opposition from within: the Judaizers who insist the Law of Moses must be kept to be saved. The gospel of salvation by God’s grace alone through faith alone is preserved and Jewish and Gentile believers are joyfully united in the freedom of this gospel.
6. The power of the Spirit working through the Word brings men and women to faith and gathers the church, God’s New Israel, together into one body in Jesus Christ.
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Re: The real study of The Acts

Postby david on Mon Jan 26, 2009 1:41 pm

This is amazing. When are you going to give it in more detail?
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Re: The real study of The Acts

Postby togia on Mon Jan 26, 2009 1:47 pm

yeah i will go into more detail with this but i wanted to go ahead and post it for everyone to read
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Re: The real study of The Acts

Postby togia on Sun Feb 01, 2009 2:52 pm

Now, Mr. David, do you have anything to add to this discussion over Acts?
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Re: The real study of The Acts

Postby eliam on Sun Feb 01, 2009 3:03 pm

What was a Sabbath day's walk
What was casting lots



Now I can answer the first question. A Sabbath day's walk is about 3/4's of a mile. Really not that far whatsoever. I always found it humorous and quite sad at how LITTLE the Jewish community could do on the Sabbath Day. The couldn't even pick a rose out of the ground before it would be called a sin. I believe that they were taking this "day of rest" too far.

But as for casting lots. I am not too sure on that one I am doing some research on it and I will add to it later
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Re: The real study of The Acts

Postby david on Wed Feb 18, 2009 11:32 am

You know what I found interesting in the second chapter. I starting reading it to get caught up and able to add discussion. In the first verse it said that the people were celebrating Pentecost. Now have you done a study over Pentecost Grant, Eliam, or Daniel? Because I only know a little over it.
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Re: The real study of The Acts

Postby togia on Wed Feb 18, 2009 11:34 am

I was actually going to do that. I was going to do a quick study over the Jewish festivals. I am just not finished with it.
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Re: The real study of The Acts

Postby togia on Wed Feb 18, 2009 11:41 am

Now I am going to actually go into more detail with this later I am just putting this together so that you know their holidays and festivals


    The Sabbath
    Days of Awe
    Hanukkah: The Festival of Lights
    Passover
    Purim (The Jewish Mardi Gras or the Jewish Halloween to some)
    Rosh Hashanah: Jewish New Year
    Sukkot: Festival of Booths
    Tu B'Shevat (New Year for Trees)
    Yom Kippur: The Days of Awe
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Re: The real study of The Acts

Postby togia on Wed Feb 18, 2009 11:43 am

Now here is the homework I am going to give you. Give me a little bit of description about each one of these main holidays and tell me when in the American year that they are celebrated
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Re: The real study of The Acts

Postby togia on Mon Mar 16, 2009 12:57 pm

Alright guys, the following is from Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary. I want discussion and I will write my formal commentary on Chapter shortly okay?

The descent of the Holy Spirit at the day of Pentecost. (1-4) The apostles speak in divers languages. (5-13) Peter's address to the Jews. (14-36) Three thousand souls converted. (37-41) The piety and affection of the disciples. (42-47)

Verses 1-4 We cannot forget how often, while their Master was with them there were strifes among the disciples which should be the greatest; but now all these strifes were at an end. They had prayed more together of late. Would we have the Spirit poured out upon us from on high, let us be all of one accord. And notwithstanding differences of sentiments and interests, as there were among those disciples, let us agree to love one another; for where brethren dwell together in unity, there the Lord commands his blessing. A rushing mighty wind came with great force. This was to signify the powerful influences and working of the Spirit of God upon the minds of men, and thereby upon the world. Thus the convictions of the Spirit make way for his comforts; and the rough blasts of that blessed wind, prepare the soul for its soft and gentle gales. There was an appearance of something like flaming fire, lighting on every one of them, according to John Baptist's saying concerning Christ; He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire. The Spirit, like fire, melts the heart, burns up the dross, and kindles pious and devout affections in the soul; in which, as in the fire on the altar, the spiritual sacrifices are offered up. They were all filled with the Holy Ghost, more than before. They were filled with the graces of the Spirit, and more than ever under his sanctifying influences; more weaned from this world, and better acquainted with the other. They were more filled with the comforts of the Spirit, rejoiced more than ever in the love of Christ and the hope of heaven: in it all their griefs and fears were swallowed up. They were filled with the gifts of the Holy Ghost; they had miraculous powers for the furtherance of the gospel. They spake, not from previous though or meditation, but as the Spirit gave them utterance.

Verses 5-13 The difference in languages which arose at Babel, has much hindered the spread of knowledge and religion. The instruments whom the Lord first employed in spreading the Christian religion, could have made no progress without this gift, which proved that their authority was from God.

Verses 14-21 Peter's sermon shows that he was thoroughly recovered from his fall, and thoroughly restored to the Divine favour; for he who had denied Christ, now boldly confessed him. His account of the miraculous pouring forth of the Spirit, was designed to awaken the hearers to embrace the faith of Christ, and to join themselves to his church. It was the fulfilling the Scripture, and the fruit of Christ's resurrection and ascension, and proof of both. Though Peter was filled with the Holy Ghost, and spake with tongues as the Spirit gave him utterance, yet he did not think to set aside the Scriptures. Christ's scholars never learn above their Bible; and the Spirit is given, not to do away the Scriptures, but to enable us to understand, approve, and obey them. Assuredly none will escape the condemnation of the great day, except those who call upon the name of the Lord, in and through his Son Jesus Christ, as the Saviour of sinners, and the Judge of all mankind.

Verses 22-36 From this gift of the Holy Ghost, Peter preaches unto them Jesus: and here is the history of Christ. Here is an account of his death and sufferings, which they witnessed but a few weeks before. His death is considered as God's act; and of wonderful grace and wisdom. Thus Divine justice must be satisfied, God and man brought together again, and Christ himself glorified, according to an eternal counsel, which could not be altered. And as the people's act; in them it was an act of awful sin and folly. Christ's resurrection did away the reproach of his death; Peter speaks largely upon this. Christ was God's Holy One, sanctified and set apart to his service in the work of redemption. His death and sufferings should be, not to him only, but to all his, the entrance to a blessed life for evermore. This event had taken place as foretold, and the apostles were witnesses. Nor did the resurrection rest upon this alone; Christ had poured upon his disciples the miraculous gifts and Divine influences, of which they witnessed the effects. Through the Saviour, the ways of life are made known; and we are encouraged to expect God's presence, and his favour for evermore. All this springs from assured belief that Jesus is the Lord, and the anointed Saviour.

Verses 37-41 From the first delivery of that Divine message, it appeared that there was Divine power going with it; and thousands were brought to the obedience of faith. But neither Peter's words, nor the miracle they witnessed, could have produced such effects, had not the Holy Spirit been given. Sinners, when their eyes are opened, cannot but be pricked to the heart for sin, cannot but feel an inward uneasiness. The apostle exhorted them to repent of their sins, and openly to avow their belief in Jesus as the Messiah, by being baptized in his name. Thus professing their faith in Him, they would receive remission of their sins, and partake of the gifts and graces of the Holy Spirit. To separate from wicked people, is the only way to save ourselves from them. Those who repent of their sins, and give up themselves to Jesus Christ, must prove their sincerity by breaking off from the wicked. We must save ourselves from them; which denotes avoiding them with dread and holy fear. By God's grace three thousand persons accepted the gospel invitation. There can be no doubt that the gift of the Holy Ghost, which they all received, and from which no true believer has ever been shut out, was that Spirit of adoption, that converting, guiding, sanctifying grace, which is bestowed upon all the members of the family of our heavenly Father. Repentance and remission of sins are still preached to the chief of sinners, in the Redeemer's name; still the Holy Spirit seals the blessing on the believer's heart; still the encouraging promises are to us and our children; and still the blessings are offered to all that are afar off.

Verses 42-47 In these verses we have the history of the truly primitive church, of the first days of it; its state of infancy indeed, but, like that, the state of its greatest innocence. They kept close to holy ordinances, and abounded in piety and devotion; for Christianity, when admitted in the power of it, will dispose the soul to communion with God in all those ways wherein he has appointed us to meet him, and has promised to meet us. The greatness of the event raised them above the world, and the Holy Ghost filled them with such love, as made every one to be to another as to himself, and so made all things common, not by destroying property, but doing away selfishness, and causing charity. And God who moved them to it, knew that they were quickly to be driven from their possessions in Judea. The Lord, from day to day, inclined the hearts of more to embrace the gospel; not merely professors, but such as were actually brought into a state of acceptance with God, being made partakers of regenerating grace. Those whom God has designed for eternal salvation, shall be effectually brought to Christ, till the earth is filled with the knowledge of his glory.
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Re: The real study of The Acts

Postby eliam on Wed Mar 18, 2009 10:11 pm

So you want us to give a description of each of the listed festivals? okay that'll be cool. my next post I will give you them
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